This dissertation investigates assessment
development in urban on land surface temperature using
geospatial technique with land use land cover and
variation between 1986 and 2016. The aim of this study
is to examine the effect of urbanization on land surface
temperature using GIS and Remote Sensing technique.
Satellite images used for this dissertation were Thematic
Mapper ™ acquired on 1986, Enhance Thematic
Mapper plus (ETM+) acquired on 2001 and Operational
Land Imager (OLI) acquired on 2016. All satellite data
have 30-meter resolutions, Thematic Mapper and
Enhance Thematic Mapper plus images have spectral
range of 0.45 to 2.35 micro meters (µm) with 8 bands,
while the Operational Land Imager extends to band 12.
The images were used to produce land use/land cover
map of Abuja Municipal Area Council (AMAC) for
effective analysis of land surface temperature for three
epochs to know the feature contributes most to surface
temperature and changes over time. Results of land
use/land cover shown that there is significant increment
of Built-up from 36.74 per square kilometer to 283.7 per
square kilometer between 1986 and 2016, water body
from 1.21 to 1.32 per square kilometer and bare surface
from 571.5 to 607.5 per square kilometer. There is also
sharp decrement in vegetation from 714.4 to 452.34 per
square kilometer and rock outcrop from 132.52 to 111.48
between 1986 and 2016. There is little rise in surface
temperature from 1986 to 2016. Temperature rise from
15 to 26 degree Celsius (0C), built up, contributed most
to surface temperature.
Keywords : Remote sensing, land use land cover, surface temperature and GIS.