Groundwater Management and Sustainable Farming Practices: A Socioeconomic Analysis of their Interplay in Rural Agriculture - A Case Study of Solapur, Maharashtra, India

Authors : Mustaq Ahmad Shaikh; Farjana Birajdar

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 9 - September

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Groundwater, hidden beneath the Earth's surface, has long been recognized as a vital resource in sustaining agriculture and influencing economic prosperity. This research aims to investigate the intricate relationship between groundwater availability, farming activities, and the economic well-being of farming communities. The objectives of this study were to explore the impact of groundwater on crop cultivation and agricultural practices, analyze the economic benefits derived from sustainable groundwater management, and emphasize the importance of responsible groundwater practices for long-term agricultural and economic sustainability. Methodologically, this research involved data collection on groundwater levels, agricultural practices, and economic indicators in the Solapur region. Various statistical analyses and economic models were employed to establish correlations and draw meaningful conclusions. Key findings from this study indicate a direct and positive relationship between groundwater level and increased agricultural productivity. Groundwater irrigation enables year-round cultivation and crop diversification, significantly enhancing farmers' income. However, the study also reveals pressing challenges, including over-extraction and water quality issues, threatening the sustainability of groundwater resources. To address these concerns, recommendations for sustainable groundwater management practices, such as crop rotation, efficient irrigation techniques, and aquifer recharge, are proposed. Government initiatives and community involvement emerge as crucial pillars in promoting responsible groundwater use. Local governance bodies, such as Gram Panchayats, play pivotal roles in regulating groundwater, while farmers' cooperatives empower communities to collectively manage and protect this invaluable resource. In conclusion, this research underscores the paramount importance of groundwater in farming and economic stability. Sustainable groundwater management is imperative for the long-term prosperity of our farming communities. By implementing responsible practices and fostering community engagement, we can secure a future where groundwater continues to be a hidden power, driving farming and prosperity beneath the surface.

Keywords : Groundwater; Solapur; Semi Arid; Farmer; Sustainable Water Management.


Paper Submission Last Date
31 - December - 2023

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In 1-2 Days

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