Groundwater, hidden beneath the Earth's
surface, has long been recognized as a vital resource in
sustaining agriculture and influencing economic
prosperity. This research aims to investigate the intricate
relationship between groundwater availability, farming
activities, and the economic well-being of farming
communities. The objectives of this study were to explore
the impact of groundwater on crop cultivation and
agricultural practices, analyze the economic benefits
derived from sustainable groundwater management, and
emphasize the importance of responsible groundwater
practices for long-term agricultural and economic
sustainability. Methodologically, this research involved
data collection on groundwater levels, agricultural
practices, and economic indicators in the Solapur region.
Various statistical analyses and economic models were
employed to establish correlations and draw meaningful
conclusions. Key findings from this study indicate a direct
and positive relationship between groundwater level and
increased agricultural productivity. Groundwater
irrigation enables year-round cultivation and crop
diversification, significantly enhancing farmers' income.
However, the study also reveals pressing challenges,
including over-extraction and water quality issues,
threatening the sustainability of groundwater resources.
To address these concerns, recommendations for
sustainable groundwater management practices, such as
crop rotation, efficient irrigation techniques, and aquifer
recharge, are proposed. Government initiatives and
community involvement emerge as crucial pillars in
promoting responsible groundwater use. Local
governance bodies, such as Gram Panchayats, play
pivotal roles in regulating groundwater, while farmers'
cooperatives empower communities to collectively
manage and protect this invaluable resource. In
conclusion, this research underscores the paramount
importance of groundwater in farming and economic
stability. Sustainable groundwater management is
imperative for the long-term prosperity of our farming
communities. By implementing responsible practices and
fostering community engagement, we can secure a future
where groundwater continues to be a hidden power,
driving farming and prosperity beneath the surface.
Keywords : Groundwater; Solapur; Semi Arid; Farmer; Sustainable Water Management.