Hazard Profile and Vulnerability Assessment of Informal Waterfront Settlements in Rivers State


Authors : Victor Bull; Arokoyu S.B; Ogoro, M

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 1 - January

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3jph1GO

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7602909

This study profiles the hazards waterfront informal settlements are exposed to in Rivers State. It was affected by means of literature review and field survey in which perceptions of various households’ representatives of waterfront communities within the study area were analysed along with secondary data obtained from relevant institutions in Rivers State. A questionnaire survey was administered and analysed from the data retrieved. From the analysis, varieties of hazards such as air pollution, criminal activities, congestion, flood, fire etc., were found to be the most common hazards in the area of study, thus endangering the lives of people within that area. Similarly, the hazards with the most severe effect on lives and property arranged in their order of severity are the same prevalent identified above. It is therefore recommended that phase redevelopment of waterfront informal settlements should be carryout in the study area; a dedicated disaster response organization at local levels, furnished with state-of-the art emergency response equipment; tackle poverty and create jobs; implement frequent public enlightenment campaign on community safety and security; government should devise an effective feedback system for prompt reporting of hazard and hazardous conditions within the community; provision of local warning and communication systems for predictable hazardous events/disaster; provision basic of infrastructure such as access road, hospitals, electricity, water supply

Keywords : Hazards, Profile, Informal, Waterfront, Emergencies.

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