India has the second highest geriatric population
(60+) in the country. Thus India has been tagged as“an
ageing nation” which has 8.1% of its population being
above 60 years old and their condition is deteriorating
as a result of fast eroding traditional family system
coupled with rapid modernization and urbanization.
Elderly people suffer from many chronic health
problems and is compared between two groups.
To assess the health status and morbidity pattern of
the geriatric population living in old age homes and
To assess and compare the quality of life of the
geriatric population in old age homes and in family.
A cross-sectional study was done with a study
population of geriatrics above 60years residing in 2 Old
age homes & residing within Family each of 100
participants. Data collection was based on orally
administered structured questionnaire which
constitutes of both health status assessment and quality
of life. Quality of life was assessed using the WHOQOL-
BREF questionnaire. It included the perceived stress
scale (PS 4), ADL scale and quality of life questions
using WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire which had 26
questions. The questions were ranged according to the
domains - physical, social, psychosocial, environmental.
About 43% of participants were of age 60-69 years
among family. Most common morbidity was diabetes
and hypertension in both groups; in old age home: 39%
hypertension, 35% diabetes mellitus, in family 44%
hypertension and 15% diabetes mellitus.
Quality of life of domains physical, psychological,
environmental, social was comparatively better in old
age homes than family setup, environmental domain
was statistically significant (P=0.01) and physical
domain with P=<0.01.
There is a need to highlight the medical and socio-
economic problems that are being faced by the elderly
people in both the groups of the study. Environmental
and physical quality of life is better in old age homes.
Keywords : Geriatric, Living with Family, Morbidity Patterns, Old Age Home, Quality of Life.