Health Status and Quality of Life of Geriatric Population in Old Age Homes and Living with Family in Chennai a Comparative Study

Authors : T.Reshmaa Shri, Dr. Alice Matlida Mendez

Volume/Issue : Volume 4 - 2019, Issue 8 - August

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 Introduction India has the second highest geriatric population (60+) in the country. Thus India has been tagged as“an ageing nation” which has 8.1% of its population being above 60 years old and their condition is deteriorating as a result of fast eroding traditional family system coupled with rapid modernization and urbanization. Elderly people suffer from many chronic health problems and is compared between two groups.  Objectives  To assess the health status and morbidity pattern of the geriatric population living in old age homes and within family.  To assess and compare the quality of life of the geriatric population in old age homes and in family.  Methodology A cross-sectional study was done with a study population of geriatrics above 60years residing in 2 Old age homes & residing within Family each of 100 participants. Data collection was based on orally administered structured questionnaire which constitutes of both health status assessment and quality of life. Quality of life was assessed using the WHOQOL- BREF questionnaire. It included the perceived stress scale (PS 4), ADL scale and quality of life questions using WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire which had 26 questions. The questions were ranged according to the domains - physical, social, psychosocial, environmental.  Results About 43% of participants were of age 60-69 years among family. Most common morbidity was diabetes and hypertension in both groups; in old age home: 39% hypertension, 35% diabetes mellitus, in family 44% hypertension and 15% diabetes mellitus. Quality of life of domains physical, psychological, environmental, social was comparatively better in old age homes than family setup, environmental domain was statistically significant (P=0.01) and physical domain with P=<0.01.  Conclusion There is a need to highlight the medical and socio- economic problems that are being faced by the elderly people in both the groups of the study. Environmental and physical quality of life is better in old age homes.

Keywords : Geriatric, Living with Family, Morbidity Patterns, Old Age Home, Quality of Life.


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