The key concept of Curriculum and pedagogy
reforms across all stages will be to move the education
system towards real understanding and away from the
culture of rote learning.The aim of education will not
only the cognitive development, but also building
character and creating holistic and well-rounded
individuals equipped with the century skills.
The Early Childhood Care and Education(ECCE)
program, as emphasized in the national education policy
in NEP 2020, holds tremendous potential for yielding
significant developmental benefits in India. The first six
years are very crucial in human’s life as the rate of brain
development is more rapid than at every other stages of
development. Anganwadi workers play a vital role in
caring for and educating children in the pre-primary 1
and pre-primary 2 classes.Out of 17 sustainable
development goals framed by UNO in September 2015,
SDG4emphasizes that quality education has been
imparted globally. SDG4 is “ensure inclusive and
equitable quality education and promote lifelong
learning opportunities for all”. ECCE program not only
facilitates increased enrollment rates but also reduces an
early dropouts, laying a solid foundation for children to
acquire essential skills in foundational literacy and
numeracy. The Innovative Practices of pedagogy in
ECCE by adapting joyful, play based, activity based
methodology and giving hands on experience to children
at foundational stage.
Holistic development is defined as to attain optimal
outcomes in the domains of physical and motor
development, cognitive development, socio- emotional-
ethical development, cultural /aesthetic development and
the development of communication and early language,
literacy and numeracy.
Assessment is a vital component of the classroom
teaching- learning process. Assessment for children aged
3-6 years involve systematic practices followed by
teachers or any other relevant stakeholders. New trends
like PARAKH, NAS, SAS are being implemented.
Keywords : Holistic development, ECCE, SDG, PARAKH.