Divorce influences well-being; many
individuals experience depression, loneliness and
isolation, self-esteem lowering, or other psychological
issues. Two of the recent issues concerning communities
are the higher rate of broken homes and aggressive
behavior of children and adolescents. Between 2004 and
2014 there was one divorce for every five Iraqi marriages.
Objectives: To assess the influence of divorce on children
Materials and methods: A cross sectional study was
carried out at Supreme Judicial Council, Personal Status
Courts of Al-Karkh and Al-Bayaa, Baghdad- Iraq from
1st of July 2021 to 30th of November 2021. A total of 92
children were included in the study their age ranged 6-11
years, giving male to female ratio of 1.25:1. An interview
was done with child’s custodial parent in the court.
Questionnaire of 2 parts: Sociodemographic features and
Behavior Problems Index (BPI). Chi square test (fisher’s
exact test) was done. P < 0.05 was considered significant.
Results: Success rate was 53.3%, failure rate was 31.5%,
while 15.2% were drop out of school. There were 37
(40%) children with low behavior problems and 55 (60%)
children with high behavior problems. There were
significant differences between high behavioral problems
and children of second grade, poor school achievement,
and children with custodial father, P<0.05.
Conclusions: High prevalence of behavior disturbance
was observed among children of divorced parent.
Keywords : Divorce, children wellbeing, Child custody, Academic achievement.