Impact of Pesticide Exposure on the Health of Agricultural Workers in Northern Region of Kwara State, Nigeria

Authors : EKUNDAYO Damilola Eunice; SAWYERR Henry Olawale; OPASOLA Olaniyi Afolabi; ATIMIWOAYE Adetunji Dayo

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 6 - June

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Pesticide exposure has been linked to negative health impacts, and farmers all around the world are thought to be harmed. This study aimed to verifyscientific findings which statesthat pesticide exposure causes health problems among farmers. A cross-sectional descriptive study was applied for the study. The study enlisted 310 farmers with contact with pesticides. A well-structured questionnaire was used tofor data collection ofrespondent’s socio demographic factors, health of exposure to pesticides, pesticide knowledge and use.The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. The Chisquare test was performed to determine the relationship between pesticide exposure and health damage. Findings indicates that 81.6 percent of the farmers utilize pesticidesfor agricultural purposes, while 89.4 percent uses pesticides at home. 81.9 percent have been engaged in agricultural activitiesfor over two years, 57.9% of respondents claim they have never had any health problems as a result of pesticide exposure, while 42.1 percent of respondents had at least one health problem as a result of pesticide exposure. The Chi square test of independence between pesticide exposure and health impairment yields a P-value of 0.000, indicating that pesticide exposure has a significant impact on the health of farmers. The study concludes that inappropriate use ofpesticide use by farmers results in one or more health problems. Farmers should read and follow the use and application of pesticides instructions on the containers carefully; use personal protective equipment (PPE); primary health care facilities should be equipped to treat pesticides related cases; and farm extension workers should engage in health education training to farmers about consequence of the health effect of pesticides exposure.

Keywords : pesticide; pesticides exposure; health; farmers.


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31 - March - 2024

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