This study comprises of five chapters. The topic of the research was Impact of Rural Urban Migration
on Economic Sources in Mogadishu: Challenges and opportunities. The main objective of study was to
examine determinates of rural urban migration in Somalia. Challenges and problems associated with
internal rural migration and possible solutions of the problems associated with internal migration.
Methodology: The researcher employed a descriptive survey design and engaged both Quantitative
and Qualitative Research methods and also used interview schedule and questionnaires for collecting
data. The Quantitative Data, the researcher engaged the use of SPSS used by tables. While the
Qualitative Data also analyzed by using themes and explanations while comparing and contrasting the
findings with the literature review.
The sample size used to be 384 respondents picked up from the target population.
Key findings: Recurrent shocks both natural and manmade disasters including droughts, floods and
conflicts are the major determinates of rural urban migration, High unemployment rates, limited
educational facilities in the rural, lack of social service delivery including heath, medical facilities and
clean water abject poverty and bad living conditions. The weakened Government efforts and NGOs
to curb the problems of internal migration include: Improve the economic status of the country,
support agricultural sector and livestock to keep the pastoral and agro-pastoralist to migrate into the
urban areas. Reorganization and diversifying the Employment in public and private sectors to reduce
the economic migration, specifically the youth migration from the rural to urban areas looking for
better employment opportunities.
Conclusion: Overall, the objectives of the study were attained and it was thus concluded that,
determinants of the rural urban migration are mainly economic reasons and standard of the living
condition in the rural, as well as the deteriorated insecurity situations in most parts of south and
central Somali regions where internal migrants are mainly migrated from, the researcher described
this as the pull and push factors. The socioeconomic conditions of the rural areas and internal
migrants were found to be worrisome.