Our research subject is focused on “The
impact of the management of a protected area on the
living conditions of the local population in the case of the
Lomami National Park in the territory of KAILO /
Maniema / DRC”.
As part of our research, we wanted to assess the
standard of living of the local population of the Lomami
National Park who formerly depended on this forest for
their survival, which has become totally protected; as
well as the biological diversity that it abounds
considering Anthropic activities as a disruptive element,
if it is not controlled.
In developing this research, we used the structural-
functional method of TALCOTT Parsons, which
considers that every social fact plays a function in a
social (ecological) system.
Our investigations have shown that the
management method of the LNP is not rational and
sustainable due to the fact that it does not respect the
procedure provided for in the legal texts governing the
management of natural resources in the DRC. To the
extent that it does not take into account the involvement
of the local and/or indigenous community in the process
of creating and managing this protected area.
This mode discourages local and/or indigenous
communities who are excluded from the management of
their natural resources, a mode which violates the
regulatory provisions governing legal texts on the
management of natural resources; this is the reason why
we notice the phenomenon of poaching which arises.
Keywords : Incidence, Management, Protected Area, Local Community, Local Population and National Park.