Impacts of Climate Variability on Livelihood of Rural Community and Its’ Local Adaptation Strategies: The Case of Kambata Tambaro Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Authors : Abera Abiyo Dofee; Dinsa Doboch Elore

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 3 - March

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The study was undertaken in Kambata Tambaro Zone, SNNPR Ethiopia. Geographically, study area is located between 7º08' 00"N -7º30' 00"N latitude and 37º 20' 00"E - 38º 50'00"E longitude. Climatic variability effects are the wide spread issues throughout whole regions of Ethiopia. The climate variability evidence scenarios for the coming years indicate that the issues of livelihoods in over populated areas and the extremely expected drought risks would be challenging for adaptive capacities of population. Structured interview scheduled was used to collect data from 112 respondents who were selected using simple random sampling. The temperature and rainfall data recorded for 25 years from weather stations of study area were used for analysis of climate variability for the study. Majority of respondents in the study area were aware about the climate variability and decline of rainfall and increasing trends of temperature. Respondents were strongly agreed that temperature/heat is rising from time to time when compared with similar season in the past. The amount of rain fall is found to be decreasing and setting time lagging behind in which rain stops earlier than in the past. Similarly, majority of respondents also strongly agreed that rain fall periods in the study area had not been properly supporting full crop growth than earlier times. On the other hand, according to respondents in the study area, crop disease/pest infestation increasing more problem than earlier times and the prices of grain are hiking because of decreased productivity for climate change. Climate variability has impacts on livelihood, heat and drought effects and impacts on agricultural productivity. Different local adaptation strategies were applied by farmers in the study area, like diversification of crops and agroforestry practices.

Keywords : Climate variability, Adaptation Strategies, Livelihood.


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