The study was undertaken in Kambata
Tambaro Zone, SNNPR Ethiopia. Geographically,
study area is located between 7º08' 00"N -7º30' 00"N
latitude and 37º 20' 00"E - 38º 50'00"E longitude.
Climatic variability effects are the wide spread issues
throughout whole regions of Ethiopia. The climate
variability evidence scenarios for the coming years
indicate that the issues of livelihoods in over populated
areas and the extremely expected drought risks would
be challenging for adaptive capacities of population.
Structured interview scheduled was used to collect data
from 112 respondents who were selected using simple
random sampling. The temperature and rainfall data
recorded for 25 years from weather stations of study
area were used for analysis of climate variability for the
study. Majority of respondents in the study area were
aware about the climate variability and decline of
rainfall and increasing trends of temperature.
Respondents were strongly agreed that
temperature/heat is rising from time to time when
compared with similar season in the past. The amount
of rain fall is found to be decreasing and setting time
lagging behind in which rain stops earlier than in the
past. Similarly, majority of respondents also strongly
agreed that rain fall periods in the study area had not
been properly supporting full crop growth than earlier
times. On the other hand, according to respondents in
the study area, crop disease/pest infestation increasing
more problem than earlier times and the prices of grain
are hiking because of decreased productivity for
climate change. Climate variability has impacts on
livelihood, heat and drought effects and impacts on
agricultural productivity. Different local adaptation
strategies were applied by farmers in the study area,
like diversification of crops and agroforestry practices.
Keywords : Climate variability, Adaptation Strategies, Livelihood.