In Vitro Propagation Reviews of Orchid

Authors : Santosh Sawardekar; Sandip Sherkar; Vishal Sunte; Dhanavantari Jadhav

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 10 - October

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Orchidaceae is the largest family comes at second place in beautiful as well as sunshine flowering plants. Orchids are used as sources of medicine. Orchid is one of the major flowering plants with high demand in international market due to multifaced powerful aphrodisiac qualities. Orchid’s are propagated by standard conventional methods which is very slow process. Vegetative propagation occurs through division of clumps, rhizomes, cutting and off shoots separation. Seed germination requires other supplementary techniques in natural conditions. As compare to natural propagation methods, plant tissue culture technique provides axenic in vitro propagation of orchids in large scale with quality plantlets in short period of time. Numerous factors are important for successful micro propagation such as explant collection, pH and temperature, size of explant, environmental conditions, culture medium, PGR, etc. Sequential study of experiments helpful for understanding biological, physical and physiochemical aspect that govern in vitro morphogenesis of orchids. Plant tissue culture also aim’s in soma clonal variations of orchids for creations of variegated plantlets.

Keywords : In Vitro, Orchid Species, PGR, Problems and Solutions.


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31 - December - 2023

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