Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices, Dietary Diversity and their Association with Nutritional Status of Nomadic Children under 5 Years of Age


Authors : Muhammad Rizwan Majeed; Allah Rakha; Sundas Khalid; Fahid Nazir; Mohammed Nayeem; Muhammad Nasir

Volume/Issue : Volume 6 - 2021, Issue 10 - October

Google Scholar : http://bitly.ws/gu88

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3Cl4CXT

ground: Poverty, migration and illiteracy among nomads could be leading cause of poor infant and young feeding practices (IYCFP) and poor dietary diversity which may lead to poor nutritional status. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of IYCFP and minimum dietary diversity (MDD) on stunting and wasting among nomadic children under 5 years of age living in district Layyah. Methodology: In this cross sectional study, 102 mothers and children participated from 3 tehsils of district. It was a structured questionnaire-based study and the selection of population was made on single stage cluster sampling technique. Anthropometric measurements were applied to all participants. Questionnaire comprised of inquiries about socio-economic status, IYCFP according to WHO and UNICEF guidelines. Assessment of minimum dietary diversity was drawn from food frequency questionnaire-24h. Chi-square test was applied for analyzing associations. Results and Discussion: This study found out that 44% of the families were living below poverty line and literacy rate among mothers was merely 8%. Average age of children was 2.3 years. The stunting and wasting rates were 48% and 19% respectively. It was anticipated that early initiation of breastfeeding significantly determined the exclusive breastfeeding (p=0.0) and continuation of breastfeeding for longer period of time (p=0.0). Exclusive breastfeeding and MDD significantly impacted stunting among children (p=0.04) while early initiation of breastfeeding (p=0.0.3) and frequency of snacks consumption (p=0.04) analyzed a significant effect on wasting. Conclusion: It was determined that the quality of IYCFP was low, and that even some indicators at high rates relative to national rates had no influence on nutritional status. The customized designed training tailored with sustainable livelihood plans and befitted with nomadic lifestyle can be found a way to improve quality of IYCFP and nutritional status

Keywords : Nomads, Dietary Diversity, Nutritional Status, Breast Feeding.

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