Influence of Gender on Test Anxiety, Academic Motivation and Academic Achievement among Universities Students in North – West Zone, Nigeria


Authors : Abubakar Wakeh Yawa; Musa Balarabe; A.I. Mohammed

Volume/Issue : Volume 6 - 2021, Issue 2 - February

Google Scholar : http://bitly.ws/9nMw

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3sNEtwl

This study examined differences of Test Anxiety, Academic Motivation and Academic Achievement among Male and Female Universities Students in North – West Zone, Nigeria. The study adopted survey research design. The target population of the study were sixteen thousand eight hundred and fiftyfive (16,855) undergraduate students. The sample of the study were 378 participants drawn from 300 level students across the three selected university in the northwest zone. Data was collected using Test Anxiety Inventory (TAI) and Academic Motivation Inventory (MI). Both instruments were faced and content validated and had reliability .804 for test anxiety while academic motivation had a reliability of .821 respectively after pilot testing. The data collected was processed and analyzed using descriptive (frequencies, mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (T-test Independent). All tests were done at 0.05 alpha level of significance. The finding shows that there is no significant differences between test anxiety, academic motivation and academic achievement, test anxiety male and female p= 0.185, motivation male and female p= 0.073, academic achievement male and female p= 0.960. From the results it was recommended Psychologist and counsellors should be able to distinguish the dissimilarities between male and female students in their test anxiety in addressing each of the students appropriately in order to improve their academic achievement. Psychologist and counsellors should be able to distinguish the differences between male and female students in their academic motivation and manage each group of under graduate students appropriately.

Keywords : Test Anxiety, Academic Motivation and Academic Achievement of Male and Female Universities Students.

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