Institutional Variables as a Determinant of Secondary School Effectiveness

Authors : Evans, G. U; Usen, S. A.; Ibok, U. S.

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 7 - July

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The effectiveness of secondary schools has continued to engage attentions of educational practitioners and policy makers. The paper investigated institutional factors as predictors of Secondary School effectiveness in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. The study employs expost facto type of research design, and made use of stratified random sampling technique in selecting 500 teachers from a population of 28560 teachers. The instrument used for data collection was school effectiveness questionnaire (SEQ). The reliability of the instrument was examine using split-half method, which yielded index that ranges from 0.71 to 0.87. The data collected was analysed using Multiple Regression statistical technique. The result obtained showed that institutional variables such as school facilities, teacher to students’ ratio, home-school relationship, school leadership, teachers’ interest and commitment, school plants and students’ performance jointly and significantly predicted school effectiveness. The result also suggests that, school facilities exert the highest influence on school effectiveness. It was therefore recommended among others that there should be adequate provision of school facilities in secondary schools as this Will serve to standardize academic and other school programmes and that will enhance school effectiveness.

Keywords : Institutional Variables, School Effectiveness, Students Performance, School System, Teachers’ Commitment.


Paper Submission Last Date
30 - November - 2023

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