Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Primary School Teachers before and after Implementation of Teacher Training Programmes in Lucknow District


Authors : Dr. Jitendra Rao; Dr. Anshdha Shah; Dr. Kalpana Singh; Dr. Piyush Kumar Chaudhary; Dr. Shraddha Mishra; Dr. Archita Agarwal

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 3 - March

Google Scholar : http://bitly.ws/gu88

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3D9PxKt

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6383524

School teachers have a significant impact on school going children especially at a younger age. Using primary school teachers for the purpose of education and increasing awareness about oral hygiene practices provides access to a larger population, improved communication and low activity costs. Materials and Methods: This survey was conducted in Lucknow District where school teachers from fifteen primary schools were included. A total of 33 teachers of these schools were enrolled for training program. The questionnaire consisted of 3 parts knowledge, attitude and practices. The questionnaire consisted of 3 parts knowledge, attitude and practices. Mean knowledge, attitude and practice score was calculated initially and after 1 year of training. The level of significance was set at 0.05. Result: Prior to the teacher training programme more than 50% of the subjects seemed to have appropriate knowledge regarding the cause of calculus deposits on the tooth surface and bleeding gums. Almost all the individuals seem to think that toothbrush is the most appropriate tool to practice oral hygiene, however, not all of them seem to know the importance of flossing. Most of the individuals did not use a toothbrush of appropriate hardness/ softness. Answers of slightly more than half of the teachers suggested that they had occasionally suffered from toothache and bleeding gums.the score for any of the questions does not show a statistically significant change. Discussion: The evaluation of the knowledge prior to the implementation of the training programme shows that most individuals had average knowledge regarding oral diseases such as dental caries, bleeding gums and about hard tissue deposits. After the implementation of the training programme the attitudes regarding means of maintenance of oral hygiene showed no difference. Most of the did not use a toothbrush of appropriate hardness/ softness. Answers of slightly more than half of the teachers suggested that they had occasionally suffered from toothache and bleeding gums. the score for any of the questions does not show a statistically significant change Conclusion: The teacher training programme held did improve their knowledge and attitudes to some extent however, motivation to improve their current practices regarding their oral health remained lacking. Thus, assessment of the needs of a specific area should be done to formulate a customized teacher training programme that focuses on the weaker points

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