Authors : Dr. T. TULASI RANI; Dr. A. SUDHA RANI; Dr. AANANTHA K N R; Dr. Y. SURESH BABU
Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 3 - March
Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3TmGbDi
Scribd : https://bit.ly/3FSw57S
DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7776618
Pre-diabetes is characterised by the
presence of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and/or
impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). 
Management options for pre-diabetes patients
included intake of a low-carbohydrate and low-fat diet
along with regular physical exercise and  usage of
medications like pioglitazone or metformin. Continuous
training is physical training that involves activity
without resting. This contrasts with interval training,
which doesn't involve any rest periods. It includes
aerobic activities like walking, running, biking,
swimming, water aerobics and rowing.
OBJECTIVES: The current study was done to assess the
effect of Low-Intensity Continuous Training (LICT)
versus Metformin on patients diagnosed to have prediabetes.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This interventional
study was carried out at the department of physiology,
Government Medical College, Kurnool, Andhra
Pradesh, India, during the period of August 2022 to
January 2023. Sixty patients were divided into two
groups by randomisation. Group A – Included 30 prediabetic adults who were exposed to only LICT for 16
Group B - Included 30 pre-diabetic adults who
were given only Metformin for 16 weeks. Student's Ttest was done to compare the two interventions.
RESULTS: Most patients were males aged 51-60 years
old. There was a significant improvement in HbA1c,
FBG, PPBG over 16 weeks in all 60 patients. Body
weight and BMI reduced significantly in both
groups. LICT was better in glycaemic control over
Metformin in the current study in terms of FBG and
CONCLUSION: The results indicate that regular
physical exercise in the form of LICT could provide
better glucose control and controlled body weight than
pharmacological treatment in the form of Metformin.
More knowledge on glycaemic management in the prediabetic stage can prevent the onset of type-2-diabetes
Mellitus in many patients.
Keywords : Pre-diabetes, LICT, Metformin, glycaemic control, T-test