Management and Use of Wood Resources in Agroforestry Parks in the Northern Sudanian Zone of Burkina Faso

Authors : TYANO Abdoulaye; YELEMOU Barthélemy; HIEN Mipro; GANGO Jean Paul

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 11 - November

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In sub-Saharan Africa, trees are integral part of the cropping systems, and form a major source of nutrient to the soil as well vital products to the farmers. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the management and use of wood resources in agroforestry parks in the Northern Sudanian zone of Burkina Faso. This study was conducted in eight villages (Baonguen, Gourango, Godé, Tampélga, Ramonkodogo, Saria,Villy and Rana) around the Institute of Environment and Agricultural Research (INERA) of Saria (Burkina Faso). The method used was direct questionnaire with open and semi-structured questions. The reasons guiding the choice of woody trees to preserve in the farms, their management methods and their uses by farmer were collected. The results show that all the producers in the area save woody trees on their farms. In addition, the reasons guiding the choice of tree species saved are above all, the supply service (97.5%), and as far as shrubs are concerned, it is the production of firewood (41.3%). The management practice for shrubs in the field is to cut at the base of the trunk. This is done by 100%, 100%, 95% and 5%., during field preparation, first weeding, second weeding and ridging respectively. Shrub species in the field are involved in satisfying various needs of the producers (food, medicinal, etc.). Agroforestry thus allows farmers who practice it to harvest in their agrosystems many products that would otherwise have been harvested from the forest. These results indicate that agroforestry parks are real supply areas for timber and non-timber forest products. Thus, they can guide decision-makers in making decisions concerning the promotion of the agroforestry park system.

Keywords : Park Management, Use of Woody Plants, Shrubs in the Field, Burkina Faso.


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