Marine Biotoxins: Origins, Effects, Distribution, Prevention and Treatment

Authors : Elmokhtar Ettoubi; Fouad Akif; Franck Genten; Mohamed Blaghen

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 11 - November

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A set of marine toxins can be the cause of serious poisoning, the most well-known are amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP), Diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP), neurotoxic shellfish poisoning (NSP), Paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP), pufferfish poisoning (PFP), Ciguatera fish poisoning (CFP) and azaspiracid shellfish poisoning (AZP). These marine food intoxications are neither rare nor new, but they are a result of fisheries and the increase of tourism sector. We are witnessing a universalization of problems which was previously endemic. The various forms of poisoning that can occur after the consumption of contaminated marine products, the toxins responsible, its global geographical distribution, and its effects on human health as well as the rest of living beings interacting with the marine sector, prevention and treatment for each intoxication are discussed in this review

Keywords : Marine Toxin, Poisoning, Seafood, Geographical Distribution, Prevention And Treatment


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