Authors : Alinur Hassan Haji, Kennedy Onkware.

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 Volume 3 Issue 10

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Islamism has in recent times grown popular and is used by its followers to emphasize a return to the Holy Scriptures and reliance on the fundamental texts of Islam, as a way to live in today’s world. Terrorist groups have used Islamism in their operations especially to inform their activities due to its adaptability. The objective of this study was to assess the mechanisms put in place to curb Al-Shabaab activities in Garissa County. The study established that, there were mechanisms put in place in curbing Al-Shabaab activities. These mechanisms include: the role of the local community in curbing Al-Shabaab activities in Garissa County, role of Civil Society Organizations and other stakeholders in re-integration process of radicalized individuals and social mechanisms put in place to deal with stigmatization of terrorist-linked families. It also seemed unlikely that any single mechanism could help in curbing Al-Shabaab activities in Garissa. The study also found out that despite mechanisms put place, there were multiple and diverse pathways that were still being explored by Al-Shabaab. The reality is that, there are many factors that can bear on individual’s or community’s role in curbing Al-Shabaab activities. The study recommends improved approach on the reintegration of formally radicalized individuals back into the society and a tailored re-integration system that breaks the cycle of radicalization.
Keywords:- Islamism, Al-Shabaab, counter-terrorism, radicalization.