Modeling ‘Participation’ for Effective Community Development in Nigeria

Authors : Daniel Bingel; Dr. Silas Sarkes Wankir; Katsen Ngyal Dagap

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 9 - September

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The study seeks to determine and propose a model of community development that would prove effective in Nigeria. The basis of the study is a critique of extant approaches to development that maintain a top- down approach, where beneficiaries of development look up to a ‘superior’ authority/power to trickle down development. These models of development include modernisation, dependency and global reformism. This critique holds that, while such an approach ensures dependence on local, state or national authorities, it takes away the dignity of the person by neglecting the unique role of the individual person in society. Alternative development, also known as transformational development, offers another model of development, where the nature of community is upheld and the individual’s place respected. Karol Wojtyla’s notion of participation as the foundation for authentic action is used as a theoretical foundation to propose another model of development in Nigeria. The study includes Twelve (12) communities in Nigeria, drawn from diverse locations, engaging them while they participate in a community development project. The aim was to stimulate participation by all, while observing the attitudes, commitments and progress which their common participation engendered. The method employed was participant-observation method infused with survey, where the researchers involved themselves in the communities as development stimulators. Small scale community projects were targeted and monitored to determine the motivations, incentives and benefits of individual participation. Data collected included: type of project, reach of beneficiaries, types of individual participation/contributions, level of accountability and speed/success of completion and attitudes of participants. Research outcomes were analysed using Pearson’s product-moment correlation coefficient.

Keywords : Model; Effective Community Development; Participation.


Paper Submission Last Date
31 - December - 2023

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