Aim of the study is to determine the
complication of hand due to over usage of smart
phones, to prevent the complications by proper way of
handling mobile phone and to prevent an epidemic of
smartphone induced diseases especially in hand.
Methodology was Study designed as systemic review,
The Study setting is done in Google scholar, MEDLINE,
PubMed and Research gate, sample size was 230
published studies describing about smartphone and its
complication due to overuse in which only 20 articles
were selected for the review in Pub med central library.
Results shows Out of 20 studies 8 studies shows that the
common complication of hand due to over usage of
mobile phone is De Quervain’s tenosynovitis, 7 studies
shows the 1st carpometacarpal arthritis, 2 studies has
shown thickness of flexor pollicis longus. For preventive
measures 1 study shows the target size should be 9.2mm
in single task and 9.6mm for multi task, 1 study has
shown during sitting the thumb, trapezius and forearm
muscle activities are low, 1 study has mentioned that
using mobile phone with two hands in landscape
provides stability as well as faster input. By reviewing
the studies, we conclude that the size of screen should be
4.7 inch or less, thickness should be 1.5 to 2 cm,
curvature should be 6mm, the smart phone should be
hold in landscape position and in sitting posture. Using
the smart phone in the following way can prevent the
Complications of hand.
Keywords : De Quervain’s Tenosynovitis, Smart Phones, Flexor Pollicis Longus, Prevention, Prevalence.