Multi-stakeholder Partnership Model for the Development of Social Capital-Based Tourism Villages in Realizing Village Independence


Authors : Dauri; Hieronymus Soerjatisnanta; Agus Triono

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 11 - November

Google Scholar : http://bitly.ws/9nMw

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3ocapbg

Strengthening policies in tourism village development can be done through multi-stakeholder partnerships. This is because multi-stakeholder partnerships can be carried out in collaboration with stakeholders, CSOs, academics and so on. In addition, the multi-stakeholder partnership model can move more freely and flexibly because it is not limited by a bureaucratic framework. The development of a tourism village must also use social capital, which is the local wisdom of each village community. In detail, the village government must be able to map what social capital exists in its community. This is used to provide convenience in exploring the existing potential and applying it in the development of a tourist village. The implementation of this strengthening will ultimately bring about independence in rural communities, both economically, socially and culturally. Basically, social capital based on the socio-cultural character of the community consists of two types, namely bonding social capital and bridging social capital. The principle of multi-stakeholder partnership that must be used in the development of social capital-based tourism villages is localized, responsive, beyond, accountability and transparency, inclusive, empowering, participatory, as well as integrative, holistic and oriented. Using these principles can be used as an effort to develop tourism potential. There are five stages that need to be prepared so that the Multi-Stakeholder Partnership can provide benefits to all stakeholders. These stages are: (I) Initiation Phase, (II) Formation Stage, (III) Implementation Phase, (IV) Monitoring and Learning Phase, and (V) Development and Maturation Stage. The progress of each stage can have a positive impact on the development of a tourist village that creates community independence.

Keywords : Tourism Village Development; Multistakeholder Partnerships; Social Capital; Village Administration

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