The role of nanotechnology in the solution of
biological and medical problems using nanocomputer
methods in diagnostics and treatment is considered in
this paper. The problem of creation of new technology
by means of programmed probes, where the following
main elements are presented: the creation of micro
transmitters, processors, “sensors”, “manipulators
which perform the process” and "effectors” is analysed
in details. Microsurgical “robot tentacles” have the
ability to self-setting. Significant achievements have
been gained with the aim of creating nanomaterials,
nanodiagnostics, transportation of therapeutic drugs.
Those achievements are considered, which have been
obtained in the direction of cancer diagnostics and
treatment, as well as for treatment of damaged tissues
with nanotechnologically prepared tissues.
Nanotechnology already has some high sensitive
methods to detect malignant tumor at the level of blood
molecules and even the predisposition of a patient to
malignant tumor. The device, developed on the
principles of sensors allowing the identifying the
viruses, which are spread in the environment should be
noted. The capsules for the regulation of insulin
concentration in the blood of patients suffering from
diabetes I type are undergoing a clinical examination.
Oxygen transporter or a respirocyte is created; its
structure and function are considered in details. The
fact of crotocytes creation, where a fibrous mass,
releasing in the damaged area of the tissue, presented in
the depth of the formation of these crotocytes should be
considered as a remarkable achievement. The formation
of fibrous net is observed and under its impact the
bleeding is stopped for some seconds. It turns out that
using nanotechnological methods, there are great
prospects for solving biological and medical problems.
Keywords : Nanobiology, Nanomedicine, Diagnostics and Nanotechnological Treatment, Transporters, Sensors.