Despite economic growth in India having
recently been achieved to a greater extent than
previously, the fruits of development have failed to
improve the nutritional status of the country's children.
Adequate nutrition is required during infancy and early
childhood for the physical growth and mental and
cognitive development of children to their potential level.
Deficit nutrition leads to short-term and long-term
effects like mental impairment, reduced intellect, and
lower productivity. Moreover, nutritional status is also
inversely related to the child mortality rate; as
nutritional status is increased, it leads to a lower child
mortality rate. However, many factors affect the
nutritional status of children, like economic factors,
political factors, social factors, environmental factors,
and so on, but parental factors play a crucial role in
determining the nutritional status of children in India.
The study's first objective will show the status of child
malnutrition in India; the second will explain how
parental factors influence the nutritional status of
children in India; and the third will examine whether
India has achieved Sustainable Development Goals (SDG
goal 2). The present study will employ secondary data
like the NFHS-5 (2019-21).
Keywords : India, SDG, Nutritional Status, Child Mortality, Stunting, Wasting, Underweight, NFHS-5.