Oil Spills, Health Risks and Environmental Degradation in Ozoro Community, Niger Delta, Nigeria


Authors : Peter M. Eguvbe; Samson O. Akpodarie; Joy O. Obielumani

Volume/Issue : Volume 6 - 2021, Issue 7 - July

Google Scholar : http://bitly.ws/9nMw

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3x12xNS

Oil spillage has devastating effect on health of human’s, crop productivity and livestock, therefore, the strategies for coping with the negative impact of oil spillage on humans and the environment were investigated in Ozoro Community, Niger Delta, Nigeria. The population of the sample size is 480. In carrying out the investigation, three hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of noteworthy degrees of freedom. A questionnaire was used to collect data for the study. Additionally, simple percentage and weighted mean statistics were employed to analyze the data collected, while chi-square was used for testing the hypotheses. Oil spillage have significant effect on degradation of the environment, there are negative effects of oil spillage on health of humans, government played significant roles in implementation of environmental laws to combat oil spillage, oil spillage have negative impact on health of aquatic animals and crop production and there are possible solution to oil spillage. This research provided information on individual, community, government, and organization affected by crude oil spillage and oil production activities, to be enlightened with regards to environmental protection, sustainable development, health care delivery and standard of living of people of affected communities.

Keywords : Oil Spillage, Health Risks, Aquatic Lives, Ozoro Community, Environmental Degradation

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