The current aquaculture production systems
in the village environment and their constraints and
opportunities were studied to understand the reasons
for the decrease in the number of fishponds in South
Kivu, eastern DR Congo. . Little is known about fish
production in South Kivu; thus, this study was carried
out in two phases: a survey, a follow-up of the farms
over the course of a year and a literature review.
Accordingly, 305 aquaculturists from three territories
were interviewed from May to November 2019. This
breeding is mainly practiced by men (91.6%), adults
(45±14 years), married (93.6%), fish farmers with no
formal education (36.5%, ) farmers who practice
agriculture as their main activity (68.5%, ) and farmers
engaged in fish farming as a secondary activity (60.4%).
Fish farmers have 13±9 years' experience; and only 39.0
percent of fish farmers received training on good fish
farming practices. Membership to groups or
associations is low (6.1%). Tilapia sp is the widely
cultivated species (82.6%), followed by a combination of
Tilapia-Catfish (17.3%). Fish are reared in medium-
sized fishponds (358.7±230.4 m2) at unknown age
(60.4%), with a reproduction rate of (54.7±37.7 kg) per
growth cycle. The main opportunities in aquaculture in
South Kivu are water availability (13.5% in Kabare,
31.1% in the Ruzizi plain, and 15.3% in Walungu), the
presence of a fish market, and availability of land
suitable for aquaculture (27.1% in Kabare, 10.9% in
the plain, and 15.3% in Walungu). On the other hand,
the main constraints identified are lack of quality fry
(75.5% in Kabare) and the high cost of labour (60.9%
in the Ruzizi plain and 60.9% in Walungu).
Keywords : Fish Farming; Constraints; Sustainable Fish Farming; South Kivu.