Opportunities and Constraints Facing Fish Production System in DR Congo


Authors : Mushagalusa Namegabe Janvier, Parent Zihalirwa, Olame Ngangura, Safari Mulume, Léon Nabahungu, Matungulu Kande, Okafor Christopher

Volume/Issue : Volume 4 - 2019, Issue 12 - December

Google Scholar : https://goo.gl/DF9R4u

Scribd : https://bit.ly/39Ixegu

The current aquaculture production systems in the village environment and their constraints and opportunities were studied to understand the reasons for the decrease in the number of fishponds in South Kivu, eastern DR Congo. . Little is known about fish production in South Kivu; thus, this study was carried out in two phases: a survey, a follow-up of the farms over the course of a year and a literature review. Accordingly, 305 aquaculturists from three territories were interviewed from May to November 2019. This breeding is mainly practiced by men (91.6%), adults (45±14 years), married (93.6%), fish farmers with no formal education (36.5%, ) farmers who practice agriculture as their main activity (68.5%, ) and farmers engaged in fish farming as a secondary activity (60.4%). Fish farmers have 13±9 years' experience; and only 39.0 percent of fish farmers received training on good fish farming practices. Membership to groups or associations is low (6.1%). Tilapia sp is the widely cultivated species (82.6%), followed by a combination of Tilapia-Catfish (17.3%). Fish are reared in medium- sized fishponds (358.7±230.4 m2) at unknown age (60.4%), with a reproduction rate of (54.7±37.7 kg) per growth cycle. The main opportunities in aquaculture in South Kivu are water availability (13.5% in Kabare, 31.1% in the Ruzizi plain, and 15.3% in Walungu), the presence of a fish market, and availability of land suitable for aquaculture (27.1% in Kabare, 10.9% in the plain, and 15.3% in Walungu). On the other hand, the main constraints identified are lack of quality fry (75.5% in Kabare) and the high cost of labour (60.9% in the Ruzizi plain and 60.9% in Walungu).

Keywords : Fish Farming; Constraints; Sustainable Fish Farming; South Kivu.

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