Outcome of Surgical Site Infection Following Inguinal Hernia Closure


Authors : Dr. Mukarram Mustajab; Dr. Saddam Hussain; Dr. Muhammad Ali; Dr. Sumayya Sahar; Dr. Waleed Shaukat; Dr. Muhammad Ibrahim Shuja; Dr Ammad Ali

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 10 - October

Google Scholar : https://tinyurl.com/yc58hfnp

Scribd : https://tinyurl.com/2t8ftnat

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10075187

Abstract : Objective: This study's goal is to look into how inguinal hernia surgery patients respond to surgical site infections (SSIs). The purpose of the study is to examine the association between the prevalence of SSIs and demographic factors such as age, body mass index (BMI), habitation type (urban/rural), presence of diabetes mellitus and hypertension, degree of education, length of hospital stay, and length of surgery. Methods: Patients who underwent inguinal hernia closure surgeries were included in this retrospective analysis, which was carried out in a medical facility. A patient's demographics, BMI, type of habitation, diabetes and hypertension status, education level, length of hospital stay, length of operation, and presence or absence of surgical site infections were all collected from their medical records from feb to aug 2023. To evaluate the patient population's characteristics and the prevalence of SSIs, data analytic techniques included frequency distribution and percentage calculation. In order to identify correlations between factors and the occurrence of SSI, statistical tests were run. Results: The study involved all of the patients. The age distribution displayed 35.1% in the 20–30 age, 21.1% in the 40–50 age, and 43.9 % in the 40–50 age. BMI categories were revealed with BMIs of 20–23, 23–25, and 25–28. Participants who lived in cities made up 22(29.7%) of the group, whereas participants who lived in rural areas made up 35.1 %. Diabetes mellitus was more common than hypertension 23 (20.2%) vs. 17(14.9%). The distribution of education levels was as follows: 17(14.9 %) with no education, 46 (40.4%) with SSC-level education and 51(44.7%) with HSSC or higher education. Hospital stays lasting 1-3 days in 55 (48.2%) of cases and 3-6 days in 59 (51.8%) of cases, respectively. There were two categories for operation length: 1-3 months 59(51.8%) and 3-6 months 55 (48.2%). 22 (19.3%) of cases had surgical site infections, while 92 (80.7%) of cases had no infections at all. Conclusion: The results of surgical site infections after inguinal hernia closure are clarified by this investigation. The frequency of SSIs highlights the significance of strict infection control procedures. Further investigation is required to determine the association between demographic factors and the prevalence of SSI. These findings have implications for post-operative care plans and surgical protocols that aim to reduce the risk of SSIs and improve patient outcomes. To fully comprehend the multifactorial nature of SSIs in inguinal hernia closure surgeries, additional study is required.

Keywords : Inguinal Hernia, Surgical Site Infection, Diabetes, Hypertension, Age.

Objective: This study's goal is to look into how inguinal hernia surgery patients respond to surgical site infections (SSIs). The purpose of the study is to examine the association between the prevalence of SSIs and demographic factors such as age, body mass index (BMI), habitation type (urban/rural), presence of diabetes mellitus and hypertension, degree of education, length of hospital stay, and length of surgery. Methods: Patients who underwent inguinal hernia closure surgeries were included in this retrospective analysis, which was carried out in a medical facility. A patient's demographics, BMI, type of habitation, diabetes and hypertension status, education level, length of hospital stay, length of operation, and presence or absence of surgical site infections were all collected from their medical records from feb to aug 2023. To evaluate the patient population's characteristics and the prevalence of SSIs, data analytic techniques included frequency distribution and percentage calculation. In order to identify correlations between factors and the occurrence of SSI, statistical tests were run. Results: The study involved all of the patients. The age distribution displayed 35.1% in the 20–30 age, 21.1% in the 40–50 age, and 43.9 % in the 40–50 age. BMI categories were revealed with BMIs of 20–23, 23–25, and 25–28. Participants who lived in cities made up 22(29.7%) of the group, whereas participants who lived in rural areas made up 35.1 %. Diabetes mellitus was more common than hypertension 23 (20.2%) vs. 17(14.9%). The distribution of education levels was as follows: 17(14.9 %) with no education, 46 (40.4%) with SSC-level education and 51(44.7%) with HSSC or higher education. Hospital stays lasting 1-3 days in 55 (48.2%) of cases and 3-6 days in 59 (51.8%) of cases, respectively. There were two categories for operation length: 1-3 months 59(51.8%) and 3-6 months 55 (48.2%). 22 (19.3%) of cases had surgical site infections, while 92 (80.7%) of cases had no infections at all. Conclusion: The results of surgical site infections after inguinal hernia closure are clarified by this investigation. The frequency of SSIs highlights the significance of strict infection control procedures. Further investigation is required to determine the association between demographic factors and the prevalence of SSI. These findings have implications for post-operative care plans and surgical protocols that aim to reduce the risk of SSIs and improve patient outcomes. To fully comprehend the multifactorial nature of SSIs in inguinal hernia closure surgeries, additional study is required.

Keywords : Inguinal Hernia, Surgical Site Infection, Diabetes, Hypertension, Age.

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