Swedana or Fomentation is a treatment
practice which induces sweating by means of heat either
in the form of steam (Bashpa) or by direct contact of the
body with heated medicament (Tapa).Sankara Sweda,
commonly known asPinda Swedais a fomentation
method in which the materials are tied in a cloth and
massaged over the part to be sudated.In
PatraPindaSweda, a type of Pinda Sweda, different
medicinal leaves along with other drugs are roasted in
suitable medicated oil, made intoPinda(bolus) form by
tying them in a suitable cloth and used for
Swedanaafterperforming Abhyanga (mild massage).
Swedana, in generally relieves pain, stiffness, heaviness,
and coldness in the body. This treatment procedure
eliminates the bodily toxins through sweating.It provides
better therapeutic efficacy in orthopedic disorders
especially in diseases like Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid
Arthritis, Cervical spondylosis, Lumbar
spondylosis,Ankylosing Spondylitis, musculoskeletal
pain as well as in neuro-muscular diseases. Present
article deals with literary as well as contemporary
review of the Patra Pinda Swedana.
Keywords : Fomentation, Patra Pinda Swedana, Sankara Sweda, Tapa Sweda.