Alcohol consumption is one of the most common
health risk behaviors which is a leading cause of various
health problems and even to death globally. Excess
alcohol use results in 2.5 million deaths every year.
Around 320,000 young people aged between 15 and 29
years die from alcohol-related causes, resulting in 9% of
all deaths in that age group. At the country level, this
ranges from 0.5 to 5% of the population. This study was
carried out to identify the pattern of alcohol
consumption among government employees in
The study design was a cross-sectional study.
Purposive sampling method was used for sampling to
choose the study area. Data collection was carried out
by face to face interview of the total of 385 participants.
The respondents were screened using the standard
AUDIT screening procedure formulated by WHO.
After that the respondents who were eligible for the face
to face interview were interviewed with proper written
informed consent. SPSS software version 22 was used
for descriptive statistics and chi-square test.
Among 385 respondents who consumed alcohol,
they were ranked into three categories based on their
AUDIT (according to WHO guideline) scores namely
Low risk drinkers (Score 0-7), Hazardous drinkers
(Score 8-15) and Dependence (Score 16-19). The highest
number of females fell under the category of low risk
drinkers which was 179(90.9%) and males were
135(71.8%). Maximum number of males were
hazardous drinkers which was 52(27.7%) and females
were 18(9.1%). Only one male fell under the category of
dependence which was 1(0.5%).
Six types of alcoholic beverages are commonly used
in Bhutan. Among them beer was the most preferred
alcohol by males and wine was mostly consumed by
females. Age, gender, marital status, annual income,
work experience, age at first drink, expenses on alcohol,
health problems,type and amount of alcohol consumed
in lifetime, type, amount and frequency of alcohol
consumed in last year and type of alcohol consumed in
last 30 days by respondents were significantly associated
with pattern of alcohol consumption with p value<0.001.
Keywords : Pattern, Alcohol Consumption, Government Employees, Thimphu, Bhutan.