Patterns of Politeness Strategies Used by Durinese Speakers of Batunnoni Variant in Daily Conversation: A Sociolinguistic-Based Analysis

Authors : Eka Eksanti; Noer Jihad Saleh; Sukmawaty

Volume/Issue : Volume 6 - 2021, Issue 6 - June

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The main purpose of this research is to disseminate the politeness strategy used by a particular Durinese variant and its surroundings within a context of daily Durinese conversation. Politeness has been considered to play a vital role in social interactions with no exceptions of Durinese community. The research design was set up to account for a descriptive qualitative research design. Direct observation, as well as simulated conersations, were used to gather data from the speakers of Durinese inhabiting the Batunnoni area, a mountainous region to the east of Anggeraja District. Data were recorded from the native speakers of Durinese involving different age range, positions, level of educations and with a variety of situations. The obtained data were analyzed with reference to types of politeness markers taking into consideration Brown and Leinson’s (1978) theoretical framework. The analysis shows that politeness patterns have smaller variations as compared to Buginese Language. The patterns revolved around certain clitics and honorifics which freuently and widely used among the speakers of Durinese. Casual or Bald-on strategy used occured within the conversation which to a certain extent similar to Buginese politeness strategy and confirmed similarity to Brown and Levinson’s theory. The findings confirm that Durinese Language is less complicated with reference to the choice of politeness strategy use. The findings have sociolinguistic implications for Durinese speakers to have no difficulties in engaging in polite conversation.

Keywords : Interaction, Politeness, Variant, Speakers.


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31 - October - 2021

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