Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) Production as Influenced by Various Row and Hill Spacings

Authors : Reybhoy A. Ramos

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 8 - August

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DOI : 10.38124/IJISRT20AUG776

The study was conducted to determine the yield of peanut as affected by different row and hill spacings. The experiment was done under the soil and climatic requirements of Zamboanga Sibugay, Philippines with an average temperature of 27.3 0C. The experiment was laid using Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with sixteen combined treatments. An area of 80 square meters was divided into 16 plots, each plots measured 1m by 5m excluding canals. There were two factors used in the study, the different rows and hill spacings. The row spacing used were R1 (12 inches), R2 (16 inches), R3 (20 inches), R4 (24 inches) and the hill spacing used were H1 (6 inches), H2 (7 inches), H3 (8 inches), H4 (9 inches). Complete fertilizer was drilled at the base of the plant 30 days after planting at the rate of 1.83 grams per hill. Tobacco spray was applied twice, first at 15 DAP and second at 50 DAP and kakawate spray was applied 43 days from planting to prevent and repel insect pest. Result revealed that the average number of pods per plant per plot, average weight of pods in gram per plant per plot, total number of pods per plot, and total weight of pods in kilogram per plot had no significant difference as affected by different row and hill spacings. However, the result on the average number of seeds per plant per plot showed that there is a significant difference among treatments. Statistical analysis revealed that the computed “f1” is greater than the tabulated “f1” at 5% level of significance.

Keywords : Peanut; Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD); Row Spacings; Hill Spacings; Complete Fertilizers; Days After Planting (DAP).


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