Increase in energy demand, stringent emission norms and depletion of oil resources have led there searches to find alternative fuels for internal combustion engines. On the other hand Palm oil can be used as biodiesel because of it contains more fatty acids. Also in India it is available in large amount. By transesterification process Palm oil can be used as biodiesel. Hence it was planned to increase the combustion efficiency, Performance and to reduce the exhaust emission by adding biodiesel 20%, n-propanol 10% volume with Diesel. The Performance observed while using blended fuels were analyzed and compared with that of Diesel as fuel without any additives. This experimental investigation aimed at to enhance the performance of the diesel engine with the blend of n-propane at different proportions like 10% by volume is attainable. To this, within the scope of the blending of n-propanol with diesel shows almost same brake thermal efficiency at low and medium loads, and higher percentage addition of n-propanol augments the brake thermal efficiency at high loads. The blending of n-propanol with diesel reduces the brake specific energy consumption at medium and high loads. But specific fuel consumption is increased when compare with Diesel.
Keywords : Palm Oil, Bio-Diesel, Propanol, Transesterification, Methanol, Potassium Hydroxide.