Pharmacognostical and Phytochemical Analysis of Ayurveda Medicine (Atibala) Abutilon indicum (Linn.) Sweet Roots Collected From Field

Authors : Dr. Sukha ram; Dr. Amit Choudhary; Prof. Mita Kotecha; Dr. Krutika Chaudhary; Dr. Sunita Dudi

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 9 - September

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DOI : 10.38124/IJISRT20SEP054

Atibala (Abutilon indicum Linn.) Sweet belonging to Family Malvaceae is very important plant since long in traditional medicine of India and grows in waste places. The drug is attributed Balya Kantivardhaka, Grahi, Ojovardhaka, Brinhana, Krimighna, Dahahara, Vatahara, Rasayana, Mutrajanana, Mridurechana, Vajikara, Kasahara and Vedanahara properties in different Ayurvedic classical texts. Pharmacognostical and phytochemical studies are essential for proper identification and authentication of the drug. Various methods including microscopy, physiochemical contents and phytochemical estimation along with quantitative analysis were conducted to evaluate Pharmacognostical, physiochemical and preliminary phytochemical standards of Atibala (Abutilon indicum (Linn.) Sweet roots. These studies can be helpful to define diagnostic features for identification and standardization of both intact and powdered drug. The organoleptic examination of the intact and powdered materials of roots of Atibala revealed light brown color, odourless odour and astringent and bitter taste. After analysing result of present study, we found presence of carbohydrates, tannins, protein, alkaloid, saponin, amino acids and phenolic compounds in both alcoholic and aqueous extract. Present study will be helpful in ensuring efficacy of the drug, safety, purity and about adulteration of drug.

Keywords : Atibala, Abutilon indicum (Linn.) Sweet, Kantikaraka, Rasayana and Pharmacognostical


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