Ocimum Species generally known as Tulsi, is
an herbaceous perennial belongs to family Lamiaceae
and is considered one of the most important sources of
herbal medicine. Objective of the studies was to screen
phytochemical component and environmental benefits.
The study reveals that various secondary metabolites
such as carbohydrates, Protein, alkaloids, flavanoids,
glycosides, Terpenoids and phenol are present in tulsi
leaf. Alkaloids, glycosides, flavonoids are antibiotic
principles of plants and these antibiotic principles are
actually defense mechanism of the plant against
pathogen.Tulsi plant produces anti-inflammatory and anti-
bacterial compounds which helps combat on pollution.
Tulsi help in lowering the pollution levels in air and
minimizes the effect of air pollution on environment
altogether. Tulsi gives out nascent oxygen which absorbs
harmful gases like CO, CO2, and SO2 from the
environment. Its wellness benefits are known both for
human health and environment. In Hinduism this plant
is considered holy and is venerated and worshiped in
Indian household. The name of Tulsi plant has come
also in Holy Quraan in the name of Reihaan.
Keywords : Lamiaceae, Secondary metabolites, Antioxidant, Environment.