Prosopis cineraria is locally known as Khejri one of the most common tree of the Indian desert belonging to family Fabaceae. The plant is known as “Golden tree” or “Wonder tree” of the desert. Phytochemical screening is an important step which leads to the isolation of new and novel compounds. Stem bark and leaves of Prosopis cineraria were selected for photochemical screening to identify the different classes of metabolites. Solvent extract of the plant material with the help of different solvents in the increasing order of polarity was taken. Benzene, Chloroform, Ethanol, methanol and Water revealed that Alcohol & Water to be the best solvent in extracting metabolites from Prosopis cineraria. The qualitative chemical analysis of extracts were found positive for alkaloids, proteins, carbohydrates, flavonoids, saponins and tannins in alcohol and aqueous solvent extracts. These studies provide referential information for correct identification and standardization of this plant material.
Keywords : Alkaloids, Flavonoids, Phytochemical, Solvent Extracts, Saponins, Tannins.