Pilot Project Development of Oil Palm Trunk Wood Industry


Authors : Marzolina, Arwinence Pramadewi, Dr. Samsir, Dr. Aida Nursanti

Volume/Issue : Volume 4 - 2019, Issue 10 - October

Google Scholar : https://goo.gl/DF9R4u

Scribd : https://bit.ly/2QuO6QL

Wood is a material composed mostly of cellulose (40-50%), hemicellulose (20-30%), lignin (20- 30%) and a small amount of inorganic and extractive material (Dumanauw, 1990). Accordingly, wood has hydrophilic, hard, and biodegradable. Until now, there is no utilization of oil palm waste in a significant amount since it is tender and has high-water content. Generally, oil palm trunks are left to rot in the open field. The objective assessment of pilot project processing oil palm into wood/ composite particleboard is to present how the technology of oil palm trunk waste is processed as raw material (input) into the composite pane board (output) which can create economic value. Definition experiment with sample treatment in BPPT Serpong Jakarta generated the results seen from the density particleboard with the reference of SNI - 03-2105-2006 is between 0.4 up to 0.9 g/ cm3. The measurement results of all samples in the laboratory in this activity stated that Phenol Formaldehyde adhesive type reached the density of 0.702 g/ cm3; with Acrylic 0.72 g/cm3 and the use of unsaturated polyester type obtained the density of 0.892/cm3. The third test sample showed endurance in the base situation because there is no change in the form of delamination, blistering, rupture, and softening. These figures show that the use of the three types of adhesive density particleboard produced is SNI qualified. The next three test samples showed endurance in the base situation because there is no change in the form of delamination, blistering, rupture, and softening.

Keywords : Palm Trunk Processing Technology into Particleboard.

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