In India, dairy farming is integral part of
agriculture and playing back bone role in rural area.
India stands first position in total milk production and
total livestock population globally. Improving animal
welfare on the farm can amplify profits, as it has the
potential to reduce costs related to healthcare and poor
yields and as such, improve the sustainability and
efficiency of dairying (Cozzi et al., 2008). Advancement in
technology has allowed farmers to improve everyday
quality of life of their herds. Precision dairy farming
(PDF) aims to improve individual animal performance,
well being and socio-economic status of dairy farmer.
Thus, farmers are shifting towards adopting modern
dairy farming practices to increase their production.
PDF is the use of information and technology based
farm management system to record physiological,
behavioral and production parameters of individual
animals to improve management strategies, profitability
and production performance. There are several precision
dairy farming technologies available globally, which are
routinely useful for large and commercial dairy farms
such as electronic identification systems, automatic body
condition scoring, automatic recording and milking
systems, daily milk yield recording, milk component
monitoring, daily body weight gain measurement,
automatic calf feeding systems, pedometers, milk
analyzer, calving detection etc.
Precision dairy farming technologies provide
tremendous opportunities for improvements in individual
animal management on dairy farms. Cow comfort can
lead to better overall health, which lowers the cost of
animal care and/or treatment and can increase animal
longevity and boost milk yield. Many developing
countries including India are in initial stage in this
advance technology, but there are tremendous
opportunities for betterment of animal and upliftment of
animal husbandry profession. Effective coordination
among the public sector, private sectors and farmers is,
therefore, essential for implementing precision dairy
farming to achieve fruitful success.
Keywords : Dairy Farming, Precision Dairy Farming Technologies, Information and Technology, Individual Animal Management, Profitability.