Precision Dairy Farming: A Boon for Dairy Farm Management


Authors : Shivendra Agrawal; Sudipta Ghosh; Sarita Kaushal; Biswajit Roy; Ajay Nigwal; G.P. Lakhani; Aklank Jain; Vishal Udde

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 3 - March

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3TmGbDi

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3Z5pA8m

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7758437

Abstract : In India, dairy farming is integral part of agriculture and playing back bone role in rural area. India stands first position in total milk production and total livestock population globally. Improving animal welfare on the farm can amplify profits, as it has the potential to reduce costs related to healthcare and poor yields and as such, improve the sustainability and efficiency of dairying (Cozzi et al., 2008). Advancement in technology has allowed farmers to improve everyday quality of life of their herds. Precision dairy farming (PDF) aims to improve individual animal performance, well being and socio-economic status of dairy farmer. Thus, farmers are shifting towards adopting modern dairy farming practices to increase their production. PDF is the use of information and technology based farm management system to record physiological, behavioral and production parameters of individual animals to improve management strategies, profitability and production performance. There are several precision dairy farming technologies available globally, which are routinely useful for large and commercial dairy farms such as electronic identification systems, automatic body condition scoring, automatic recording and milking systems, daily milk yield recording, milk component monitoring, daily body weight gain measurement, automatic calf feeding systems, pedometers, milk analyzer, calving detection etc. Precision dairy farming technologies provide tremendous opportunities for improvements in individual animal management on dairy farms. Cow comfort can lead to better overall health, which lowers the cost of animal care and/or treatment and can increase animal longevity and boost milk yield. Many developing countries including India are in initial stage in this advance technology, but there are tremendous opportunities for betterment of animal and upliftment of animal husbandry profession. Effective coordination among the public sector, private sectors and farmers is, therefore, essential for implementing precision dairy farming to achieve fruitful success.

Keywords : Dairy Farming, Precision Dairy Farming Technologies, Information and Technology, Individual Animal Management, Profitability.

In India, dairy farming is integral part of agriculture and playing back bone role in rural area. India stands first position in total milk production and total livestock population globally. Improving animal welfare on the farm can amplify profits, as it has the potential to reduce costs related to healthcare and poor yields and as such, improve the sustainability and efficiency of dairying (Cozzi et al., 2008). Advancement in technology has allowed farmers to improve everyday quality of life of their herds. Precision dairy farming (PDF) aims to improve individual animal performance, well being and socio-economic status of dairy farmer. Thus, farmers are shifting towards adopting modern dairy farming practices to increase their production. PDF is the use of information and technology based farm management system to record physiological, behavioral and production parameters of individual animals to improve management strategies, profitability and production performance. There are several precision dairy farming technologies available globally, which are routinely useful for large and commercial dairy farms such as electronic identification systems, automatic body condition scoring, automatic recording and milking systems, daily milk yield recording, milk component monitoring, daily body weight gain measurement, automatic calf feeding systems, pedometers, milk analyzer, calving detection etc. Precision dairy farming technologies provide tremendous opportunities for improvements in individual animal management on dairy farms. Cow comfort can lead to better overall health, which lowers the cost of animal care and/or treatment and can increase animal longevity and boost milk yield. Many developing countries including India are in initial stage in this advance technology, but there are tremendous opportunities for betterment of animal and upliftment of animal husbandry profession. Effective coordination among the public sector, private sectors and farmers is, therefore, essential for implementing precision dairy farming to achieve fruitful success.

Keywords : Dairy Farming, Precision Dairy Farming Technologies, Information and Technology, Individual Animal Management, Profitability.

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