Prevalence and Risk Factor of Hypertension among School Teacher in Devchuli Municipality, Nwalparasi


Authors : Santosh Subedi; Sunita Gyawali; Pramodh Chudhary

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 3 - March

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3999iXG

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6496513

Hypertension is one of the major NCD leading to various deaths and disabilities in Nepal. Blood pressure is the force exerted by circulating blood against the walls of the body's arteries and major blood vessels. If blood pressure is too high, then it called Hypertension. Hypertension is diagnosed if, when it is measured on two different days, the systolic blood pressure reading on both days is ≥140 mmHg and or/the diastolic blood pressure readings on both days are ≥90mmHg. Riskfactors of Hypertensionare; Modifiable risk factors include unhealthy diets (excessive salt consumption, a diet high in saturated fat and trans fats, low intake of fruits and vegetables), physical inactivity, consumption of tobacco and alcohol, and being obese /overweight. Non-modifiable risk factors include a family history of hypertension, age over 65 years and co-existing diseases such as diabetes or kidney disease. Objectives: To identify the prevalence of hypertension and its associated risk factor among school teachers in Devchuli Municipality Nawalparsi and also to find the association between hypertension and its risk factors with selected socio-demographic variables. Methodology: A descriptive cross sectional design was used to assess the prevalence and risk factor of hypertension among 127 school teacher in Devchuli municipality, Nwalparasi by using semi structured questionnaires in the form of interview method as well as Blood pressure was also measured. Result: The study results shows that more than two-fifth (48.2%) of the respondents were in age group 25- 39 years with mean age 33.59 and SD ± 9.7. more than half (51.6%) of the respondents were male. 13.13% and 18% were reported as current smokers and drinking alcohol respectively. Overall prevalence of hypertension was 16.4% (Male-20.96% and female -12.12%) and this was significantly associated with age and religions. Rest of other variables like gender, education, size of family, smoking habits, intake of alcohol, physical activities and BMI was not significantly associated with hypertension. The higher proportion of hypertensive cases were in age 50 and above 50 years

Keywords : School teacher, Hypertension, Prevalence, Risk factor

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