To find out the prevalence of accommodation
anomaly and distribution of Accommodation anomalies
among High School children age from 13 to 17 year in
clinical population Bangalore and correlation with
COVD- QOL questionnaire
A prospective cross-sectional Analytical study was
conducted in high school children age between 13 to 17
years visited to Dr.Agarwal’s eye hospital Bangalore.
Children with vision less than 20/20 U/O, strabismus/
amblyopia, systemic and ocular pathology and
dyslexia/learning disability were excluded. The routine
optometric eye evaluation done followed by detail
history taking after that Accommodation diagnosis
measurement done followed by first filling of COVD-
QOL questionnaire. The diagnosis of Accommodation
anomalies based on scheiman and wick criteria and the
clinical and statistical analysis was done by MS Excel
and SPSS 16 software.
Total of 160 high school children (male 78 and
female 82) evaluated there is more prevalence of
Accommodation anomalies 56% (N=90) found in
clinical population, among them 41 were male and 49
were female. In Accommodation anomalies
Acc.infacility is more prevalent (46%) than Acc.
Insufficiency (33%) and Acc. Excess (21%).
In COVD-QOL questionnaire Acc. Infacility got
more score compare to other Acc. Anomalies but very
less child score more than 20, maximum child score
between 5 to 9.
On the basis of this result we can suggest the
optometrist or eye health care professional to do
binocular vision check up on regular basis and parent of
the children for regular comprehensive eye check-up
not just a vision check up and go for vision therapy if
required as we know vision therapy is best treatment
for Accommodation and binocular vision anomalies
Keywords : QOL-19:- Quality of life 19 Questionnaires, N:- Number, U/O:- Oculus Uterque(Botheye), SPSS16:- Statistical product and service solution version 16, Acc:- Accommodation.