Principals’ ICT Competency : An Imperative for Management of Information Systems in Public and Private Secondary Schools in Anambra State

Authors : Anyanwu Jude Azubuike; Amaefula Forgive Nkiru; Anyaeji Vivian Adaora

Volume/Issue : Volume 6 - 2021, Issue 12 - December

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The study ascertained the level of Principals’ ICT competencies for management of information system in public and private secondary schools Anambra state. Two research questions and two null hypotheses guided this study. The design for the study is descriptive survey. The population was comprised of 682 principals of which 257 public secondary school and 426 private secondary school principals, corresponding to the total number of secondary schools in the state. The sample size consists of 417 respondents made up of 158 public and 259 private secondary school principals selected using proportionate stratified random technique. The instrument for data collection was Principals’ ICT Competency Test (PICTCT). The instrument was validated by three experts from Educational Management and Policy and Measurement and Evaluation and Computer science department all in Nnamdi Azikwe University, Awka and reliability was established using Kuder-Richardson 21 formula which yielded a value of 0.71. Data collected were analyzed using frequency and converted to percentage and criterion level of competency is 50%. Chi-square was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of this study were that, in basic computer operations, private school principals were very competent while principals of public school were not, in technical competency, public school principals were not competent while private school principals were moderately competent. It was also found out that there was significant difference in mean competency scores of public and private secondary school principals in basic computer operations and technical competencies. Based on the findings, it was recommended that the educational management board in the state should organize seminars, workshops and in-service training for principals of public and private secondary schools in order to improve their ICT competencies for the management of their school information system.

Keywords : Principal, ICT Competency, management of information System (MIS), Secondary education.


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