Problem of the Use of Polluting Energies on Global Warming, Case of Charcoal (Embers) in Households and Fuel oil in the Community Transport System in the City-Province of Kinshasa


Authors : Rais SEKI LENZO; David NDUMBI KATENDE; Gradi KALONJI LELO; Eli-Achille MANWANA MFUMUKANI; Rally KIMPESE TALONG; Yannick MANANGA THAMBA; Emmanuel BALU PHOBA; Shams MBUDI DIAMBU; Alidor KAZADI MUTAMBAYI; Jeaney LUSONGO ELUA

Volume/Issue : Volume 6 - 2021, Issue 7 - July

Google Scholar : http://bitly.ws/9nMw

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3AR1RwL

In order to assess the effects due to the use of polluting energies on global warming, a study was carried out in the city province of Kinshasa from March 15 to June 15, 2018 to identify the various causes of the use of charcoal in households and fuel oil in the automobile transport system in order to analyze the adverse environmental effects resulting from the use of this fossil fuel. A quantitative and qualitative field survey of 100 questionnaires were carried out on a random sample in the city of Kinshasa province, these data were processed and analyzed with Statistix and Excel 2010 software. After surveys, it appears that the solutions favored by our scrutinized, solar and the improvement of hydroelectricity to 22 and 50%, ie the majority; Wind energy at almost 3% and in last position, fossil energy at 25% most in the community transport network. All of these solutions are most closely related to the daily purchasing power of the people of Kinshasa. This article analyzes the constraints linked to the use of charcoal and fuel oil, to study a nonpolluting system that can serve the city of Kinshasa based on the proposals made by the community under study, to develop a project of sustainable development to solve the energy problem in this environment.

Keywords : Biodiversity, Greenhouse Gases, Charcoal (embers), Global Warming, National Electricity Company (SNEL)

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