The problems of Mars soil bioremediation have been studied, taking into account such extreme factors, as the temperature, ionizing and ultra freezing, vibration, acceleration, etc. The use of microorganisms for bioremediation appears to be very perspective, as these microorganisms are distinguished by their largescale distribution and a high ability to adaptation to the aggressive ecological factors. The experiments were carried out in the imitation climate chamber made by us, where the regulation of all Mars ecological factors took place by the use of specially constructed distant computer. It has been established that the vital boundaries of the biosphere, where the bacteria, actinomycetes, microscopic fungi, algae, the protozoa, etc. are really acting. Of particular interest is the fact that in the Mars superficial dust the zeolite has been observed, which is widely spread on the earth as specific rocks. It is supposed that the formation of these rocks in the prehistoric period of Red planet and terrestrial formation can be considered one of the stages of the planet’s formation. It became possible to germinate wheat and bean seeds on the zeolite and the mixture of Mars soil and even to get the fruit. By the distance computer control of temperature (+30 – -2000C), radiation and the atmosphere content on the Mars, the bioremediation of Mars “soil” was carried out in the imitation climate chamber. As a result, the bioorganic clusters were created. These are the first steps directed to the bioremediation for the rehabilitation of Mars soil and atmosphere.
Keywords : Mars Soil, Microbiological Remediation of Mars Soil, Microorganisms, Adaptation to Mars Ecological Factors.