In India, the railway network is carrying out most of the commercial transport. Today, India possesses the fourth largest railway network in the world. However, in terms of the reliability and safety parameters, we have not yet reached truly global standards. Accidents due to defects on tracks account for 5% of the total railway accidents in our country which results in significant number of derailments and casualties.
Motive behind our project is to develop a new system that would be effective for fracture (complete discontinuity) identification and reporting of the same. The system we are developing will check the tracks when requested by the concerned authority and return the results about the track health accordingly.
There are two modules in our project, one for generating the vibrations and sending them across the track and the other one for sensing the vibrations from the track. Basic idea behind the working of the system is that an uninterrupted continuous stream of vibrations will travel through the track if it is not fractured and can be picked up at the other end but if the track is damaged the vibrations will not be able to complete the desired path. Both the scenarios will be reported to the concerned authority so that required measures can be taken. This approach of track testing is much more efficient than the techniques used today in India. Hence, it can prove to be quite useful in the near future if developed efficiently.