Bengaluru generates 5000 tonnes of waste every day, out of which 21.9% is dry waste. Almost 2000 tonnes per day comes from Household Waste and Small Commercial Establishments, and the rest comes from Industries. The Household waste is collected by the BBMP daily, via contractors. The waste is collected and then segregated by the Pourakarmikas and the wet waste is collected in the compactors.The Dry Waste that is collected by the Contractors is then sent to the DWCCs present in the respective Wards. The aim of establishing these Dry Waste Collection Centers was to affect the Decentralization of Dry Waste from the Landfills. The Landfills at Mandur have been shut down due to their adverse environmental effects such as contamination of the water table. This lead to lack of space to dispose off the Dry Waste. The Decentralization of Waste within the ward itself has been suggested for this purpose.While the High Value Wastes such as Tins, Bottles, Newspaper are already taken care of by the informal economy consisting of Rag Pickers and Kabadiwallahs, the Low Value Wastes and Reject Wastes consisting of Low Density Plastics, Thermocol and other such materials have no market.The DWCCs were established to take care of this Waste and they are sent to Dry Waste Processing centres. Currently there are only two such centres in Bengaluru, with each having limited capacity to store and process. Due to the ever-growing population, these processing centres are not able to handle the excess waste that is being generated. The input of Low Value dry waste is much higher than the output.Hence the efforts have been made to try to increase the production capacity of one such Dry Waste processing centre, Swachha Eco Solutions.
Keywords– Pourakarmikas ; Decentralization ; Kabadiwallahs ; Dry Waste ; Low Value Wastes ; High Value Wastes.