Resettlement Policy Design for Communities Affected by Natural Disaster in South Lampung


Authors : Thio Haikal Anugerah; Muhammad Akib; HS. Tisnanta

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 9 - September

Google Scholar : http://bitly.ws/9nMw

Scribd : https://bit.ly/2GMHbPV

DOI : 10.38124/IJISRT20SEP421

Resettlement in the context of disaster management is a policy that has a broad impact on the affected community on legal, social and economic aspects. This article focuses on problems in implementing the resettlement policy for victims of the tsunami in South Lampung which occurred in December 2018. By using the socio-legal approach, the results of the study indicate that the resettlement policy for communities affected by the tsunami in South Lampung was carried out based on the Regent Decree No. B/613.1/VI.02/HK/2019. This policy was carried out as an effort to recover from the tsunami that occurred. In its implementation, this policy has an impact on at least three aspects of the life of the community concerned, namely the legal impact, social impact and economic impact both before, during the process, and after the construction of new housing. With regard to the legal impact, this resettlement causes legal relationships and issues regarding the rights and obligations of the victim to the building and land where he lives in the resettlement area as well as the rights and obligations of the victim to the land and building in his former place. On the social and economic impacts, problems arise with regard to access to education, employment, and the adjustment of conditions to the new environment in which they live. Therefore, resettlement cannot only be seen as a policy of rebuilding housing in a new place, but resettlement must also be seen as a holistic policy that focuses on rebuilding the livelihoods of the people involved in it, which in this context is a solution to the consequences, which occurs in both the legal, social, and economic aspects of resettlement

Keywords : Resettlement Policy, Natural Disaster, South Lampung.

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