Sanitation Accessibility in Rural Households of Rohtak District- A Village Level Analysis (2011)


Authors : Meenu Rani; Dr. Kh. Moirangleima

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 4 - April

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3v7VIfU

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6480789

Access to proper sanitation facilities has been a major challenge in India especially in rural areas where lack of proper 2011, just 31 percent of rural households have latrine facility. While in Haryana, only about 56.1 percent of rural households have latrine facility within premises. Specifically, Rohtak district account for about 58.4 percent rural households having latrine facility within the premises. Wide regional variations are observed in the availability of sanitation facilities among the villages of Rohtak District. Village Manja scores the lowest among all villages where only 6 percent households use latrine within premises rest 94 percent households practice open defecation. While Sasrauli is the best performing village in the district where about 98.8 percent households use latrine facilities within the premises. Using the secondary data from House listing and Housing Census (2011), all the villages have put into three categories-High, Medium and Low availability of sanitation facilities. The present paper examines the existing status of sanitation facilities at village level in terms of use of different type of latrine facilities in rural households of Rohtak district. The findings of study present a gruesome picture of sanitation infrastructure as 100 villages come under low and medium categories. Still, there were 28 villages where more than 50 percent households practice open defecation. A comprehensive and integrated approach involving various stakeholders of the government-gram panchayats, municipalities, state government and central government along with community participation can only make villages of Rohtak district open defecation free in real terms.

Keywords : Sanitation, Disparities, Hygiene, Rural Areas, Health.

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