Scrutinize of Physicochemical Parameters and Heavy Metals in Industrial Waste Water of Agra District and Alleviation Measures of Their Venomous Effect

Authors : Aman Pratap Singh; Aman; Vishant Varma; Raju V. John

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 3 - March

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With the increasing industrialization and urbanization, the vastness of waste is steadily increasing day by day. This is mostly passed on to the main sewage system and falls on the land, from there this wastewater is released directly into the river. This increases the turbidity of the river and the people living there are affected by it. Thus the consumption of contaminated water in animals and humans causes many metabolic disorders. Levels of Heavy metals, concentration of Alkali and Alkaline earth metals were measured in industrial wastewater, for this water samples were collected from ten different points of Agra district of Uttar Pradesh. Some physicochemical parameters of wastewater were also analyzed like pH, EC, TDS, Total Hardness, COD, Chlorides. The TDS was found to be in the range of 409 to 4290 ppm; whereas the COD was 68 to 772 mg/l. In addition, the minimum value of Chloride was 170mg/l and the maximum value was 1356.1 mg/l. Furthermore, the hardness was 350 to 2205 mg/l as CaCO3. In contrast, Heavy metals were investigated and compared with the Standard limits of water. The concentration of all the physiochemical properties and levels of heavy metals in industrial wastewater is higher than standard parameters given by WHO, USEPA, ICMR, BIS & CPCB. These effluences are not suitable for drinking and irrigation purposes. Thisinvestigation reflects a very squalid quality of water in this area. The consequence of the existing study points out the need to take inexorable steps before discharging the wastewater into the main drainage or river and the health risk status of wastewater for residents and aquatic living beings.

Keywords : Contaminated Water, Industrialization, Heavy Metals, Accumulation, Physio-Chemical Properties.


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