Sociodemographic Profile and Pattern of Injuries of Poly Trauma Cases of Road Traffic Accidents in a Tertiary Care Center


Authors : Vaishali Ashok, Dr. Shruthi P

Volume/Issue : Volume 4 - 2019, Issue 11 - November

Google Scholar : https://goo.gl/DF9R4u

Scribd : https://bit.ly/357JWSJ

Trauma , a cause of morbidity and mortality in India is increasing at an alarming rate. Injuries are accountable for about 3.7% of all society health costs. The study was aimed to determine the magnitude and characteristics pattern of injuries in polytrauma cases of Road traffic accidents and to identify the associated risk factors. The retrospective study group consisted of all the polytrauma Road Traffic Accident victims reporting to Emergency Department of SMCH from 1st January 2018 to 31st December 2018.In this study a total of 2438 cases were included ;out of which 593 were polytrauma cases accounting for 24.3% of the total cases. Males were the most commonly involved. Around 84.4% of the cases involved 2 wheeler accidents. 61.7% of the accidents took place between 3PM to 9PM. Commonly involved age group was from 16-30 years. 9% showed head injuries but majority had injured their extremities ( 76.39%) of the cases. The need of the hour is to embed road safety measures in the School curriculum and to create more awareness regarding amongst the youth . More advancement is required in the field of automotive safety. More involvement of Traffic police, NGOs and other public awareness groups are required to enforce this.

Keywords : Accidents, Awareness, Injury, Trauma, Demography,Vehicle.

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