Soft Tissue Angular and Linear Measurements in Kanpur Population

Authors : Dr. Devang Dwivedi; Dr. Rupesh Srivastava; Dr. Prasanna Kumar P.; Dr. Ankita Raj; Dr. Sakshi Pandey; Dr. Ankur Rathaur; Dr. Himanshu Gupta

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 8 - August

Google Scholar :

Scribd :


Introduction: Since the invention of the cephalostat and the standardization of the radiographic technique, facial photography has been used as an adjunct in anthropometric research and orthodontics clinical practice. However, radioprotection concerns have led researchers to rediscover photography. Having a low- tech, low-cost method to evaluate craniofacial morphology would therefore be advantageous. The patient's standardized right lateral image was used to identify Burstone's cephalometric soft tissue landmarks, and several parameters were measured to confirm their validity in photometry. Materials & Methods: There were 150 participants in this prospective study, and a thorough case history was obtained. The natural head position (NHP), with the lips at rest and the maximum intercuspation, was used to obtain standard right profile pictures. The tripod that a mirror was suspended from allowed for vertical adjustments in accordance with the subject's height, enabling the acquisition of an NHP. Patients were instructed to take one step behind a line drawn 120 cm from the mirror, with their feet slightly apart, their arms at their sides, and their posture relaxed. Patients were advised to walk forward while maintaining a straight- ahead gaze into their reflection in the mirror in order to assume the ortho stance. They were also instructed to tilt their heads up and down with decreasing amplitude until they felt comfortable doing so. Results: The measured Parameters amongst various linear and angular measurements falls in the normal range of Burstone’s analysis. Conclusion: It was discovered that the results of the linear and angular values agreed with the Legan and Burstone values for cephalometric investigations. Standardized facial photography serves as a less invasive and better understood diagnostic tool for the patient. According to the findings of the current study, lateral facial photography may serve as an effective diagnostic tool that will aid in the patient's treatment planning.

Keywords : Cephalometric, Anthropometric, Photography.


Paper Submission Last Date
31 - December - 2023

Paper Review Notification
In 1-2 Days

Paper Publishing
In 2-3 Days

Video Explanation for Published paper

Never miss an update from Papermashup

Get notified about the latest tutorials and downloads.

Subscribe by Email

Get alerts directly into your inbox after each post and stay updated.

Subscribe by RSS

Add our RSS to your feedreader to get regular updates from us.