Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Foot-and-Mouth Disease in Mozambique between 2010 and 2020

Authors : José P. Mendonça; Lourenço P.Mapaco; Sara J.Acha; Virgínia Nhabomba; Iolanda V.Anahory; Abel Chilundo; Jossefa A.Ndaremba; Denise R.Brito3 , Fernando C.Mulandane; Venâncio M.Nhavoto; Carlos Quembo

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 3 - March

Google Scholar :

Scribd :


Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a transboundary animal disease that has negative socioeconomic consequences including impacts on trade and food security. A retrospective study on the outbreaks and suspected case of FMD in Mozambique, between the years 2010 and 2020, based on the data collected through passive surveillance, was undertaken. A total of 1,680 positives cases of FMD were reported as a result of outbreaks and suspected occurrence cases in 45 out of 50 districts analyzed in 9 provinces of the country. The overall prevalence of FMD was 10.7% (1,680/15,661). A significant difference (p˂0.01) between the years were observed in the period analyzed. Spatial distribution showed that, there is a significant difference between districts (p˂0.01, df=1, OR=0.120). Analysis showed that districts in the southern region are more prone to FMD (75.3%; 1,265/1,680) than those in the center (22%; 370/1,680) and north regions (2.6%; 45/1,680). The temporal pattern indicates a higher number of FMD cases in the dry seasons (72.7%; 95% IC: 68.9% – 76.5%) than in the rainy seasons (27.3% 95% IC: 23.2% – 31.4%). A significant difference on FMD seasonality was observed during the period (pvalue=0.001, df=1, OR=1.214). The spatial distribution of the FMD cases suggested that serotype SAT 2 was the only widespread cause of the outbreaks in Mozambique, although SAT 3 serotype was detected in central part of the country.

Keywords : Mozambique, FMD cases, Outbreak, Spatial, Temporal.


Paper Submission Last Date
30 - June - 2023

Paper Review Notification
In 1-2 Days

Paper Publishing
In 2-3 Days

Video Explanation for Published paper

Never miss an update from Papermashup

Get notified about the latest tutorials and downloads.

Subscribe by Email

Get alerts directly into your inbox after each post and stay updated.

Subscribe by RSS

Add our RSS to your feedreader to get regular updates from us.